Desperate diggers, Saleem Ali

Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) has existed for millennia and is engrained in many cultural traditions. The term artisanal implies a subsistence relationship while small-scale mining could involve similar rudimentary techniques, but through cooperatives or small firms. However, this sector has significant power to Read More…

After the gold rush, Deborah Bryceson

The value of gold as a metal appreciated for human adornment and as a medium for facilitating exchange dates back to the mists of history in many parts of the world that have witnessed wealth accumulation. By contrast, in areas away from world trade routes, gold is likely to have been noticed but not widely valued by indigenous Read More…